Abbreviations and Acronyms

The definitions below describe commonly used abbreviations and acronyms used in HIV/AIDS programs.

3TC Lamivudine
ABC abacavir
ABC model Abstinence, Be Faithful, Correct and Consistent Use of Condoms
AFB acid-fast bacilli
AFMC Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India
AFRIMS US Armed Forces Research Institute of Medical Services
AMO assistant medical officer
ANA Afghanistan National Army
ANC antenatal clinic
AOR Area of Responsibility
ART antiretroviral therapy
ARV antiretroviral
ASD/HA Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs
AVRC Antiviral Research Center, UCSD, San Diego, CA USA
AZT zifovundine
BAF Benin Armed Forces
BCC behavior change communication
BDF Belize Defense Force, Botswana Defense Force
bid twice a day
BOD DHAPP Board of Directors
BOTUSA joint project between CDC and Botswana government targeting HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
BUMED Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, Washington, DC, USA
BUN blood urea nitrogen
CAF Cameroonian Armed Forces, Chadian Armed Forces, Congolese Armed Forces
CBC complete blood count
CBO community-based organization
CD4 cluster of differentiation 4
CHW Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
CO clinical officer
COE/DMHA Center of Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance
COP country operational plan
CRX/CSR chest radiograph, chest x-ray
CT counseling and testing
d4T stavudine
DAO Defense Attaché Office
DASD Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense
ddI didanosine
DHAPP US Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program
DoD US Department of Defense
DPKO UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations
DROC Democratic Republic of Congo
DSCA Defense Security Cooperation Agency
EDF Eritrean Defense Force
EFV efavirenz
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EP Emergency Plan
ETDF East Timor Defense Force
FAA Angolan Armed Forces
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FAT Forces Armees Togolaises
FHI Family Health International
FIC Fogarty International Center
FISC Fleet and Industrial Supply Center
FMF Foreign Military Financing
FY fiscal year
GAF Gabonese Armed Forces, Ghana Armed Forces, Guinean Armed Forces
GAP Global AIDS Program (CDC program)
GCP good clinical practice
GDF Guyana Defense Force
GDP gross domestic product
HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy
HBC home-based care
HCP health care personnel
HHS S Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC
HIV/AIDS human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HMIS Health Management Information Systems
HRSA Health Resources and Services Administration, Rockville, MD, USA
IAF Indian Armed Forces
IAFMS Indian Armed Forces Medical Services
ID intravenous drug
IDI Infectious Diseases Institute
IDU intravenous drug user
IDV indinavir
IEC Information, Education, and Communication
IGA income-generating activity
IGO intergovernmental organization
IP in patient
IT information technology (computer support)
KAP knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey
KAPB knowledge, attitudes, practices, and behavior survey
KDF Kyrgyzstan Defense Force
KDOD Kenyan Department of Defense
KEMRI Kenya Medical Research Institute, Nairobi
KS Kaposi’s sarcoma
LDF Lesotho Defense Force
LFT liver function test
LIFE Leadership and Investment in Fighting an Epidemic (est. 1999; changed

to DHAPP in CY01)

LPV lopinavir
MAFCO Malawi Armed Forces College
MAPP Military Action and Prevention Program
MCDI Medical Care Development International, Washington, DC, USA
MCH maternal and child health
MCV mean corpuscular volume
MDF Malawi Defence Force
M&E monitoring and evaluation
mg milligrams
MIHTP Military International HIV/AIDS Training Program
ml milliliters
MO medical officer
MOD Ministry of Defense
MOH Ministry of Health
MTCT mother-to-child transmission
MVU mobile video unit
NAF Nigerian Armed Forces
NAMRU Naval Medical Research Unit
NDF Namibian Defense Force
NDFE National Defense Force of Ethiopia
NFV nelfinavir
NGO nongovernmental organization
NHRC Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, CA, USA
NIAID National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bethesda, MD,


NIH National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
NIPO Navy International Programs Office, Washington, DC, USA
NMCSD Naval Medical Center San Diego, CA, USA
NMOD Nigerian Ministry of Defense
NRCC Naval Regional Contracting Center, Naples, Italy
NRTI nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NUEY National Union of Eritrean Youth
NVP nevirapine
od right eye
OGAC Office of the Global AIDS Coordinator
OHP Operation Haute Protection
OI opportunistic infection
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense (USA)
OVC orphans and vulnerable children
PCI Project Concern International, San Diego, CA, USA
PCP Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
PEP postexposure prophylaxis
PEPFAR President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
PLWHA people living with HIV/AIDS
PMMC Phramongkutklao (PMK) Military Medical Center, Bangkok, Thailand
PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission
PNGDF Papua New Guinea Defense Force
POC point of contact
PSI Population Services International, Washington, DC, USA
QA/QC quality assurance/quality control
qd every day
RAS Russian Academy of Science
RDF Rwanda Defense Forces
REEC Remember Eliphas Education Centre, Rundu, Namibia
RN registered nurse
RSLAF Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces
RTA Royal Thai Army
RTC Regional Training Center
Rx prescription drugs/medications
SADC Southern African Development Community
SAMHS South African Military Health Service
SANDF South African National Defence Force
SDSU San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
SMA Social Marketing Association
SOP standard operating procedure
SOW Statement of Work
STD sexually transmitted disease
STI sexually transmitted infection
TAF Tajikistan Armed Forces
TB tuberculosis
TB DOT tuberculosis directly observed therapy
tid three times a day
TNI Tentara Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian Armed Forces)
UAF Uzbekistan Armed Forces
UCSD University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
UGX Uganda shilling
UN United Nations
UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNFPA United Nations Population Fund
UPDF Ugandan People’s Defense Force
USAID US Agency for International Development, Washington, DC, USA
USAF US Air Force
USAMRU-K US Army Medical Research Unit-Kenya
USCENTCOM US Central Command
USD US dollar
USEUCOM US European Command
USDF Umbutfo Swaziland Defense Force
USG US Government
USPACOM US Pacific Command
USSOUTHCOM US Southern Command
USUHS Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
VCT voluntary counseling and testing
WAHO West African Health Organization
WHO World Health Organization
WRAIR Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
WRJHP Walter Reed-Johns Hopkins Cameroon Program
ZDF Zambian Defense Force, Zimbabwe Defense Forces